WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION

WHO Expert Committee on Rabies,
Eighth Report, Geneva 1992, Series No. 824

Page 30
9. National programmes for the control of rabies in dogs, 9.3 Mass parenteral vaccination campaigns,:
"Research carried by WHO between 1981 and 1988 as part of the AGFUND/WHO project for the control of human and canine rabies in developing countries revealed that: dog removal programmes ( in which stray dogs are captured and humanely killed) are ineffective, as well as costly;"
Page 31
9.4 Dog population management,:
"There is no evidence that removal of dogs has ever had a significant impact on dog population densities or the spread of rabies. The population turnover of dogs may be so high that even the highest recorded removal rates are easily compensated for by increased survival rates."
Page 59
Annex 4 "Technical and managerial considerations in planning, implementing and evaluating a national programme for the control of rabies in dogs", 1.2 Practical methods of dog population management,:
"Three practical methods of dog population management are recognized: Movement restriction, Habitat control, Reproduction control."
Page 60
Annex 4 "Technical and managerial considerations in planning, implementing and evaluating a national programme for the control of rabies in dogs", 1.2 Practical methods of dog population management,:
"Capture and removal of dogs are no longer considered effective direct control measures. Indirect benefits may be obtained by selective elimination of unvaccinated dogs that are not in compliance with control regulations…Removal of such dogs should be considered only if other dogs can be prevented from filling these ecological niches. "

WHO Consultation on Feasibility of Global Control
and Elimination of Urban Rabies,
Geneva, 11-13 December 1989, VPH/93.

Page 5
2.1.2 Technical considerations,:
"Among the five basic elements of any control programme for urban rabies effective immunization is considered of crucial importance".
Page 9
2.1.2 Technical considerations, (iv) Dog removal,:
"In comparison with vaccination campaigns, dog elimination campaigns are highly inefficient".